Monday, 1 September 2014

Crater Indicates Hollow Planet Structure

Impact crater evidence indicates hollow planet structure

Craters on planets present a new intriguing mystery. Geological imprints left from medium to large impacts are at odds with our current understanding of inner planetary structure.

All terrestrial (rocky) planets within the Solar System bear the scars of past celestial impacts. Craters of all sizes pinpoint locations where meteorite and asteroid debris impacted with unimaginable force. None of the planets or moons escaped the era of the ‘Great Bombardment’. Falling material originates from the remains of the galactic cloud which condensed to form the planetary bodies of the Solar System. Impacts were generally larger and more frequent in the past, an indication of the gradual diminishing of potential impact material left in space.

Crustal rebounding during crater impacts

If we are to accept the convex formation of the Coloris Basin on Mercury and the Mare Orientale on the Moon are the result of surface rebounding after impact, one has to consider the sheer scale of rebounding taken place. Both involved a large portion of the planet’s (or Moon‘s) mass.

Cross section of crustal rebounding during a large impact

The above diagram shows the extent of deflection and rebounding required to produce the visible features found on Mercury. A conservative estimated depth of 200 kilometres or more would have occurred. How is it possible to achieve such a deflection depth followed by subsequent rebounding to original surface level in such a short period of time? This is inconceivable on our solid and compressed planetary model! The Mare Orientale on the moon shows a similar result of 150km required rebounding.

Our current concepts cannot explain medium to large crater characteristics. On a solid planet we would expect craters of all sizes to be excavated into concave structures. But this is contrary to observable facts.

Science cannot explain these anomalies using the solid and compressed planet theory because it is flawed.

Medium to large impacts react as they do because inner planetary structure is not solid. It is hollow. A hollow planet model successfully explains all observable crater features.

Large crater impacts on a hollow planet explain crustal rebounding

Large crater impacts on a hollow planet explain crustal rebounding

Hollow planets do not require massive compression to deflect inward at the point of celestial impact. Decompression is not required for surfaces to rebound. Larger impacts simply push the planetary wall inward over a large area. This deflects the surface away from natural gravitational balance. Deflection dampens the excavating power of the impact force. After the impact, the planetary wall ‘falls’ back out into gravitational balance. This happens rapidly, providing the reason for peaks in medium craters. Peaks do not remain in large craters because the volume of matter involved is large enough to fall back and level out with the floor of the crater. The surface within a major impact may rise and fall several times before coming to rest at gravitational balance. This can be compared to ripples on water after a stone is thrown in. This action produces the concentric rings and cracked surfaces seen inside large craters.

Central peaks are found in medium craters because the area rebounding is smaller. Surfaces do not rebound several times. This allows the peaks to remain intact. Small craters have a classic shape because there is insufficient force to deflect the planetary wall.

Our book The Land of No Horizon explores this issue in great depth. It exposes serious and obvious flaws in theories used to support present day beliefs concerning inner planetary structure. Relevant information omitted in the original decision making process is now assessed. It in turn presents fresh new evidence to the reader.

The Land of No Horizon uses scientific evidence and logically discusses both hollow planet structure and the expanding Earth theory. It is shown how in a growing planet, gravity accumulates and structures matter differently to what is currently believed. A planet’s surface rebounds after an impact to realign with the force of gravity because of its hollow structure.


The post Crater Indicates Hollow Planet Structure appeared first on Robert JR Graham.